Sodium Restricted Diet Plan


Your diet plan primarily uses foods which are prepared without salt and stresses the use of foods that are low in natural sodium.

  • Eat regularly as shown in your basic meal plan
  • Select a variety of foods and do not add salt

Carefully read the labels of all prepared foods. Look not only for salt, but also for bicarbonate of soda (baking soda), baking powder, MSG, and sodium compounds such as sodium benzoate, sodium citrate, etc. Most frozen dinners, Instant dinner mixes, sauces, canned foods, (except fruits and fruit juices) and prepared foods contain salt unless they are especially prepared for sodium-restricted diets as such.

Eat only the amount of List II foods specified in your basic meal plan. These foods are moderately high in sodium.

Choose a good source of Vitamin C daily. They are citrus fruits, strawberries, broccoli, brussels sprouts, papaya, and cantaloupes.

Choose a good source of Vitamin A every other day. These are dark green or yellow fruits and vegetables.

Water varies in sodium content from one area to another. Check with your local water supplier and If the water in your area contains more than 20 mg. sodium per quart, bottled water should be used. The use of water-softeners may add significant amounts of sodium to the water supply.

Avoid medicines, laxatives, and salt substitutes unless prescribed by a physician.

Basic Meal Plan Sample Menu Calories Sodium mg. Cholesterol mg.

BREAKFAST

1 serving fruit or juice-List I 1/2 grapefruit  40 
1 serving cereal-List I 1 cup Puffed rice cereal 1 cup enriched with 60  10 
1 serving nonfat milk-List II 1 cup Carnation Instant Nonfat Milk 80  115.8 

5

1 serving fruit-List I 1 small banana 120 
1 serving salt-free bread-List II 1 slice salt-free whole wheat toast 51 
1 serving fat-List I 1 tsp. unsalted margarine 34 
1 serving sweets-List I 1 tsp. jam 18  0.8 
Beverage  coffee or tea 2

2

 

NOON MEAL

2 oz. cooked fresh meat-List II 2 oz. unsalted roasted chicken
(light meat) 
95  36  68 
2 servings salt-free bread-List I 2 slices salt-free white bread and 124 
1 serving fat-List I 1 tsp. salt-free mayonnaise with 33 
1 serving vegetable-List I lettuce (3 small leaves)
1 serving fruit-List I 1 box (1 1/2 oz.) raisins 124  12 
1 serving fruit-List I 1/2 medium apple  40 
1 serving nonfat milk-List II 1/2 cup Carnation Instant Nonfat Milk 80  115.8

EVENING MEAL

1 serving vegetables-List I 1 cup chopped fresh spinach 14  39 
1 serving vegetables-List I 1/2 medium tomato 11  1.5 
2 servings fat-List II 2 Tbsp. oil and vinegar dressing 166 
1 serving salt-free bread-List I 1 slice salt-free whole wheat bread 61 
1 serving fat-List I 1 tsp. unsalted margarine 34 
1 serving wine-List I (optional) 7 oz. wine 173  10.2 
4 oz. cooked fresh meat-List II 4 oz. broiled lean steak 234  67.8  103 
1 serving vegetable-List I 1 baked potato 188 
2 servings fat-List I 2 Tbsp. sour cream  57  12  16 
1 serving vegetable-List I 6 asparagus spears 18 
1 serving vegetable-List I 1/2 cup cooked rhubarb with sugar 191 2.5 
1 serving dessert-List I 1/2 cup ice cream 129  42  26
Beverage 

Coffee or Tea

2

BEDTIME

1 serving fruit-List I 1 medium orange 64 

Total:

2255 487

226 


Special Instructions:
FOR WEIGHT CONTROL

  • Follow a regular exercise program as directed by your physician.
  • Avoid the use of wine, beer or other alcoholic beverages.
  • Use only unsweetened or fresh fruits for desserts; avoid sugar, concentrated sweets, regular jelly and jams, regular soft drinks, etc. Artificial sweetener may be used.
  • Limit breads and cereals to 4 servings per day.
  • Limit margarine and other fats to 4 servings per day.
  • Avoid the use of potatoes or other starchy vegetables (including corn, lima beans, sweet potatoes, dried peas and beans).


SODIUM VARIATIONS

  • To convert diet to 1,000 mg. sodium, replace the 4 servings of salt-free bread with regular bread.
  • To convert diet to 2,000 mg. sodium, replace salt-free bread with 4 servings of regular bread, replace salt-free margarine with regular margarine, and replace salt-free cereal with regular cereal, 1 cup maximum.